Decorative concrete products, made and installed by their own hands, are becoming increasingly popular in the improvement of exteriors of country sites and cottages. And all thanks to the unique operational qualities of this quite ordinary and seemingly unsightly building material.
However, with skillful use and adherence to manufacturing technology, it is possible to obtain highly decorative and aesthetically pleasing products that fall into the category of architectural forms. These are flowerpots and flower beds, paving slabs and curbs, garden furniture, fountains and sculptures. But this is not all: concrete is successfully used in the manufacture of decorative items for interiors in the style of loft, hi-tech, minimalism and in other industrial areas.
With its popularity, concrete, as a material for the manufacture of decorative items, is obliged, first of all, of high plasticity, thanks to which decorative objects can take on a variety of forms.
Small architectural forms are designed for operation in the open air, so the material in question is the best fit for their manufacture. This material carries with dignity the negative effects in the form of rain, wind, high and low temperatures, direct sunlight. It has high strength, wear resistance and is not afraid of mechanical damage.
From the positive qualities of concrete, the following can be noted:
- The material has a long operational life;
- It is not subject to influence of microorganisms and a mold;
- He is not afraid of corrosion, ultraviolet and temperature drops;
- Over the entire period of operation, it does not lose its technical qualities;
- Products can be reinforced, which makes them stronger and more durable;
- Under mechanical action, the object does not lose its integrity and is not deformed;
- Using the formwork method or special forms, you can create tools of various configurations;
- This material is environmentally friendly and safe for humans and the environment, thanks to the natural raw materials in its composition;
- The price of this material is very affordable due to the prevalence and low cost of its components;
- It is non-flammable and fireproof material;
- Products can be decorated using internal fractional fillers, dry pigments or paint;
- Due to the plasticity of the material, its surface can acquire any texture when processing a still uncured mortar with applied stamps or relief rollers.
The decor of concrete exterior
Due to its resistance to the effects of the environment, objects are primarily used in the landscape design of private houses, urban and park areas.
Concrete garden paths
Paths in gardens and parks can be made of plates of various configurations and colors, as well as of solid material when pouring it into special forms. This material is harmoniously combined with natural wood, plaster.
The tracks are arranged on the site for connecting the main buildings – residential buildings, baths, barbecue areas, gazebos.
You can create winding paths from slabs of different shapes.
The material meets all the requirements for the manufacture of garden paths:
- It is strong and durable;
- has a non-slip surface;
- allows you to make paths of the required width;
- can be painted in any color to give the product an aesthetic appearance.
The surface can be decorated with wooden cuts, recessed into the still not frozen solution, pebbles, tiled mosaic, with which you can create various ornaments and patterns on the surface of the walkway.
Using a special form, you can make a coating of a colored type of material that is colored at the stage of mixing the mixture using dry pigments.
Important! Dry pigments allow you to evenly paint, with the result that the product does not lose its color during abrasion throughout the entire life cycle.
For the manufacture of garden coatings, applied formwork method. When the material begins to set, it can be given any texture. Modern manufacturers offer a large number of paving slabs of various shapes and shades.
Important! It is necessary to lay such tiles as tightly as possible, which will prolong the operational life of such a surface and its external attractiveness.
The stone looks almost indistinguishable from natural material (marble, granite and others), but much cheaper. The scope of application of this finishing material is diverse: it can be facades of buildings, a porch and other buildings on the site, any surfaces can be revetted with artificial stone.
It is also used for decorating the interior instead of ceramic tile, to design the appearance of the sink, fireplace, window sill, furniture and other things. Using the molding method during production allows you to create a variety of options, and you can make them at home with your own hands.
The form for the manufacture of artificial stone can be wooden or silicone, have a different configuration, size, and also give the finished product the most diverse texture.
Sculptures are able to decorate the house adjoining site, give it individuality and recognition. Plastic material allows you to create decorations for the garden of any size and shape.
It can be fairytale characters – dwarves and elves, animal figures or abstract compositions. Balls or round lamps look original, in the inner part of which you can put a candle and create a romantic atmosphere on the open terrace in the evening.
It is possible to make figures with your own hands, attracting children to this interesting activity.
Important! In the manufacture of small figures, you should not dilute a large amount of the solution, as it is relatively quickly seized and the excess will have to be thrown away.
Starting manufacturing it is necessary to prepare tools materials:
- To mix the solution, you will need a container in the form of a trough, pelvis or bucket – it all depends on the volume of solution that will be needed;
- A spatula or shovel will be useful for mixing the solution;
- The wire will be required to create the frame of the future sculpture;
- From the materials you need sand and cement (M 400);
To color the solution at the mixing stage, you will need to purchase dry dyes; In advance, you should prepare an additional decoration in the form of glass, tile battle or pebbles.
Important! The mixture consists of sand, cement and water, to which it is necessary to add plasticizers – detergent or PVA glue with respect to proportion. This is especially true of water, so that the working solution has the necessary consistency, similar to thick sour cream.
Before you get to work, you need to make a preliminary sketch in order to clearly imagine the end result. For landscape design is characterized by plant, animalistic and fabulous themes.
The way a sculpture is made for a garden is influenced by its shape and size. For complex and large products, a wire or reinforcement cage is required.
Important! In the manufacture of large-sized sculptures will require a multi-layer application of the solution. Each layer must dry before the next one is applied.
For the manufacture of small figures using forms that can be purchased at the store or make his own with the help of various containers. In the course will go boxes, pots, pans and plastic bottles.
There is also a covering method of making a sculpture, when the object on which the solution is applied is subsequently removed (the balloon).
One of the varieties of small architectural forms are fountains. Usually this product plays the role of the main focus on the local area. Around it organize a recreation area or walking paths.
Due to its frost resistance and water resistance, the material is perfectly suited for creating hydraulic structures, and the plasticity of the material allows creating fountains of the most unusual forms and decorative design.
Garden Furniture Concrete
The recreation area on the suburban territory is equipped with garden furniture – benches and tables will be an original solution, not without practicality. Such furniture will not need to be cleaned up in the rain, it will not crack and will not rot, like wooden products.
Council The seat of the bench should be made in the form of a removable wooden panel or mattress of durable, not subject to abrasion and fading in the sun fabric, which is easy to clean for the winter or rainy days.
Tables can be made of solid concrete or in the form of a tabletop on wooden supports, or on racks with imitation of natural wood, which is much more practical.
The benches can be made in the form of a monolithic bollard, on which a seat is placed on top, or in the form of two supports on which a removable wooden seat is fixed.
Outdoor furniture looks original and stylish, it is environmentally friendly, resistant to the effects of precipitation, temperature changes and in need of care and maintenance.
The supports can be made of colored material or decorated with any materials, for example, pebbles or mosaic of tiles.
The benches are durable and resistant due to the wide flat base of the supporting elements.
Important! In the manufacture of the bench, it is necessary to determine in advance the place of its location, and make formwork for the supports directly on the site, as they will have a lot of weight. This is the only drawback of the furniture – it can not be rearranged.
Vases and flower pots made of concrete
This is one of the most common options for decorating the local area. Flowerpots and pots can have the most different form and size, they can be established on platforms for rest, on a porch or a driveway.
The positive qualities of these products include the following:
- Minor financial costs for manufacturing;
- Moisture resistance of the product;
- Originality of appearance and the ability to combine several products, flower ensembles or multi-level flower beds;
- Year-round outdoor use;
- The possibility of planting perennials.
Flower beds and large flowerpots allow you to create flower arrangements where it is impossible to arrange flower beds for plants, for example, in a small area or on a stone-lined terrace.
Important! In the manufacture of flowerpots, you must comply with the proportions of the product relative to the area of the site.
One of the advantages of the flower bed is that bright gray flowers and juicy greens stand out against the gray monophonic background.
The decor of concrete in the interior
Increasingly, you can find concrete in a modern interior. Worktops, sinks, wall panels, furniture, lamps and decorative accessories are made from it. The latter, in spite of the brutality of the material, can look quite elegant and carry out practical functions for various purposes.
The following are just some examples of decorative items for interior decoration:
Vases, pots and pots for home plants are made the same way as outdoor flower gardens and flowerpots.
Flower bouquets or home perennials look especially impressive against a background of gray concrete. Also, in a vase, you can put the composition of dried flowers.
Instructions for making simple: in a container, such as a large plastic cup, you need to pour a little mixture. If a hole is supposed to be on the bottom, then it is made immediately by cutting a hole in the glass and inserting a cocktail tube into it.
Then, a smaller cup is placed on the tube and immersed in a container. In the free space between the walls of two glasses pour the solution and leave the product to dry.
Containers for storing jewelry;
Weights for tablecloths;
Cones for rings;
Decoration for the desktop;
Stand for pens;
Book holder in the form of letters;
Glass for pens.
Decorative accessories in a modern interior will give it individuality, make it stylish and unique.